See also structure of arrays.
See also row-major order.
A compound type is a user-defined array-like or struct-like data type which comprises multiple members of primitive types or other compound types. Supported compound types in Taichi include vectors, metrics, and structs.
A coordinate offset refers to a value added to another base value, which is an element in a Taichi field.
You can use offsets when defining a field to move the field boundaries.
External arrays refer to data containers available in the Python scope.
Taichi supports interaction with the following external arrays - Numpy arrays, PyTorch tensors, and Paddle tensors.
A field is a multi-dimensional array of elements. The elements it accepts can be a scalar, a vector, a matrix, or a struct. It is a global data container provided by Taichi and can be accessed from both the Python scope and the Taichi scope.
The shape of a field is the number of elements in each dimension.
A kernel is a function decorated with
@ti.kernel. A kernel serves as the entry point where Taichi begins to take over the tasks, and it must be called directly by Python code.
A megakernel is a Taichi kernel that can deal with a large amount of computation to achieve high arithmetic intensity.
Metadata refers to the two fundamental attributes of a Taichi field, i.e., data type and shape.
field.shape to retrieve the metadata.
Primitive data types are commonly-used numerical data types from which all other data types are constructed. Supported primitive data types in Taichi include
处在 Taichi 作用域之外的代码即属于 Python 作用域。 Python 作用域中的代码为 Python 原生代码，由 Python 虚拟机而非 Taichi 的运行时执行。
Python 作用域相当于 CUDA 的主机端。
See also coloum-major order.
A matrix is a two-dimensional data object made of m rows and n columns. If a matrix is comprised of mostly zero values, then it is a sparse matrix.
Taichi provides APIs for sparse matrices.
A static scope is a scope of the argument of
ti.static, which is a hint for the compiler to evaluate the argument at compile time.
See also array of structures.
A Taichi function is a function decorated with
A Taichi function must be called from inside a kernel or from inside another Taichi function.
kernel 或 Taichi 函数内的代码处在 Taichi 作用域内。 Taichi 作用域内的代码由 Taichi 的运行时编译，并在 CPU 或 GPU 设备上并行执行，以实现高性能计算。
Taichi 作用域相当于 CUDA 的设备端。
Template signatures are what distinguish different instantiations of a kernel template.
For example, The signature of
add(x, 42) is
(x, ti.i32), which is the same as that of
add(x, 1). Therefore, the latter can reuse the previously compiled binary. The signature of
add(y, 42) is
(y, ti.i32), a different value from the previous signature, hence a new kernel will be instantiated and compiled.